Volume 1, Issue 2, December 2017, Page: 20-21
The Role of Door Handles in the Spread of Microorganisms of Public Health Consequences in University of Benin Teaching Hospital (UBTH), Benin City, Edo State
Augustine Brian Odigie, Department of Microbiology, University of Benin, Benin City, Nigeria
Frederick Osaro Ekhiase, Department of Microbiology, University of Benin, Benin City, Nigeria
Paul Ikechukwu Orjiakor, Department of Microbiology, Ekiti State University, Ado Ekiti, Nigeria
Sunday Omozuwa, Department of Gynaecology, Stella Obasanjo University Hospital, Benin City, Nigeria
Received: Jun. 19, 2017;       Accepted: Jul. 3, 2017;       Published: Aug. 9, 2017
DOI: 10.11648/j.pst.20170102.12      View  1273      Downloads  53
Abstract
This study was aimed at investigating the microbial loads of surfaces of door handles at University of Benin Teaching Hospital (UBTH) with a view to understanding their roles in the transmission of pathogenic microorganisms. Eleven (11) sampling units were identified and used for the study. They included: Emergency Ward, Paediatric Ward, Male and Female Surgical Ward, Intensive Care Unit, Theatre Ward, Consultancy Outpatient Department (COPD), Microbiological Laboratory, Revenue Section, Pharmacy Department, and General Toilet. The samples were collected with the aid of sterile swab sticks moistened with sterile normal saline for a period of Six Months (May 2015 – October 2015) and analyzed using standard microbiological methods. Surfaces of door handles of General toilet, Paediatric Ward and Theatre Ward generally had the highest viable bacterial counts, which ranged from 4.03 ± 0.32 - 4.17 ± 0.27 × 104cfu/cm2, while the Intensive Care Unit, Male Surgical Ward and Microbiological Laboratory recorded the least bacterial load that ranged from 3.03± 0.03 - 3.30 ± 0.21 × 104cfu/cm2. The bacterial isolates were Staphylococcus aureus, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Streptococcus pneumoniae, Bacillus subtilis, and Escherichia coli. The most predominant bacterial isolate was E. coli (92.00%), while B. subtilis (60.01%) was the least. Statistical analysis revealed significant correlation (p<0.05) between bacterial isolates and door handles at different sampling units. Findings from this study suggest that hospital door handles harbor a significant variety of pathogenic and non-pathogenic microorganisms of public health value, and thus could act as potential fomites for communicable diseases dissemination. Health-care workers, patients and visitors are encouraged to pay greater attention to personal hygiene practices to avoid the incidence and spread of hospital acquired infections.
Keywords
Hospital, Pathogens, Nosocomial Infections, Wards, Benin City
To cite this article
Augustine Brian Odigie, Frederick Osaro Ekhiase, Paul Ikechukwu Orjiakor, Sunday Omozuwa, The Role of Door Handles in the Spread of Microorganisms of Public Health Consequences in University of Benin Teaching Hospital (UBTH), Benin City, Edo State, Pharmaceutical Science and Technology. Vol. 1, No. 2, 2017, pp. 20-21. doi: 10.11648/j.pst.20170102.12
Copyright
Copyright © 2017 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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